آموزش زبان انگلیسی دوره دبیرستان
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Contrast and concession conjunctions are use to express
though-Much as-Notwithstanding-No matter + question word-However +
adjective/adverb- Adjective/adverb + though/as
Conjunctions are words or phrases that join two nouns, phrases or clauses. There are two types: coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
The coordination kind join two grammatically equal elements, for instance, two main clauses. These conjunctions include:
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Remembered with the mnemonic FANBOYS.
When they got there the place was empty and they found no evidence the place had been occupied recently.
and joins the clause before to the one after. It does not indicate any particular relationship between them, and the clauses can be interchanged.
There was a bang and the lights went out.
and joins the two clauses, but they cannot be interchanged. It tells us that event of the first clause comes before the event of the second.
She had waited all day but couldn't get in to see them.
but joins the two clauses, indicating some contrast between them.
You can choose this one or that one, but not both.
or joins the first and the second clauses, indicating an alternative. but joins the second and third clauses, indicating an exception
He always studied hard, yet he never seemed to do well.
yet joins the two clauses, indicating a contrast.
He felt despondent, for he had searched all day, yet he had not found them.
for joins the first two clauses indicating a
cause or reason. yet joins the last two clauses, indicating a
The police and the doctors are trying to find out the cause of death.
The police and the doctors are seeking the same end, discovering the cause of death. So they belong together in the sentence.
Mary is beautiful. She has a pretty face and plays the violin.
If the topic is beauty, we might wonder how and plays the violin is relevant.
While the coordinating conjunctions join two equal parts of the sentence, the subordinating conjunctions join a modifying clause to a main clause. Subordinating conjunctions include:
When he comes, I will be ready.
The city was located where the old castle had been.
They were as ready as they would
The church bells will ring, if the Vikings
Although she was very popular, she wasn't
cause or reason
The bomb went off because they lit the fuse.
Coordinating double conjunctions join two equal clauses:
Correlating Conjunctions - Double Conjunction
He told them both where to go and how to get there.
She could either have one week abroad or two weeks at home.
It was neither possible nor advisable.
not only...but (also)
She was not only their mentor, but also their friend.
Subordinating Double Conjunctions Double
If he had told the truth, then he wouldn't be in trouble.
Scarcely had she gone out, when he arrived.
He had hardly finished cleaning the car, when they arrived.
No one loves you more truly than I.
He was less a rogue than a fool.
She was so angry that she could have cried.
The place was such a problem in terms of maintenance that he sold it.
Find this and other readings exercises in English Exercises .org Sumo Wrestling: Reading and Listening Comprehension, by Judit Jékel
Find this and other sports exercises in English Exercises .org ´And Europe´s Worst Linguists Are…´ (Author-Bouabdellah), by Bouabdellah
Find this and other readings exercises in English Exercises .org
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